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Engineering The Sound Of Our World

Technology reshaping our sound environment – from the car door to the washing machine to the street. Also: why is Apple really buying Beats?

In this Dec. 4, 2013 photo, a workman uses a generator-powered jackhammer in New York's Times Square in New York. Iconic Times Square can be a noisy place with car horns, aircraft flying overhead and construction. (AP)

In this Dec. 4, 2013 photo, a workman uses a generator-powered jackhammer in New York’s Times Square in New York. Iconic Times Square can be a noisy place with car horns, aircraft flying overhead and construction. (AP)

Most people are highly attuned to sound.  Make it beautiful, we’re happy.  Make it grating, we’re annoyed.  More and more, the sound around us is anything but random.  It is engineered, sculpted, designed.  The sound in your earbuds or headphones, of course.  But also the sound of your blender, your washing machine, your car door.  Designed.  Our digital tweets and hums are overtaking birds and crickets.  Acoustical engineers are reshaping the sound of amphitheaters, even streets.  This hour On Point: the sound of our lives, the world, in the age of sculpted sound.

– Tom Ashbrook

Guests

Megan Garber, staff writer at The Atlantic. (@megangarber)

Robert Berens, supervisory consultant at Acentech, an acoustics engineering firm.

Emily Thompson, professor of history at Princeton University. Author of “The Soundscape of Modernity: Architectural Acoustics and the Culture of Listening in America, 1900-1933.”

From Tom’s Reading List

The Atlantic: Sonic Boom – “Our ability to measure these sounds—our ability to understand them, mathematically as well as emotionally—is evolving, as well. The development of the decibel, spurred by the electrical-current work of Bell Telephone Laboratories in the 1920s, gave scientists the ability to quantify, via a single standard, the world’s noises. Noise regulation finally had numbers behind it. New York City established its Noise Abatement Commission in 1929. ”

Slate: The Deafening Sound of the Internet — “You may associate the sound of the Internet with the sound of a computer fan or the extinct song of dial-up. But the real sound of the information super highway is the whir of hard discs and fans spinning inside servers and creating a powerful white noise.”

New Orleans Times-Picayune: Bourbon Street noise ordinance proposal silenced by New Orleans City Council — “In the end, weeks of deliberations to curb excessive noise levels on one of the nation’s more boisterous strips became a zero-sum game: the present noise ordinance that the VCPORA has called ‘badly flawed’ remains in place, and an 8 p.m. to 9 a.m. curfew for the playing of musical instruments on city streets and sidewalks will continue to worry  musicians and artists.”

Hear The Sounds Of New York City in the 1920′s 

The Market Rationale On Apple’s Purchase Of Beats

James McQuivey, vice president and principal analyst at Forrester Research. (@jmcquivey)

Quartz: Beats might just be the best platform for Apple’s wearable tech — “What if Apple’s play for Beats is about taking a step toward wearable computing? One technology banker speculated as much to Quartz, arguing that Apple may see the hugely popular Beats headphones as an easy way to position itself more definitively into the growing realm of wearable gadgetry. “

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  • J__o__h__n

    I hate added noises. Why does every button I push need to make a sound? ATM, phones, etc. I really hate approximations of noises that used to be a result of function but are now just noise like camera noises on digital cameras. The sound of a phone ringing should just tell you the phone is ringing and not be a vehicle for self expression.

    • nj_v2

      Button sounds confirms that the function of the button is being executed. It’s just audio feedback to confirm that a particular action is being performed. Most devices—phones, cameras—allow the user to adjust the volume of these sounds or silence them completely.

      Someone recently handed me, a non-smart-phone owner, their smart phone to take a photo of them and a friend in front of a local, historic building. The showed me the virtual, touch-screen button to press.

      After getting them into the right position, i pressed the button, but with no sound being made, i thought i had simply missed the sweet spot for the button, and kept pressing, expecting some sort of feedback letting me know that a photo had been taken.

      The visitors had their choice of about a dozen pictures.

      The type of sound these things make is another issue.

      • J__o__h__n

        I turn off whatever sounds I can but I’m responsible for only a small percentage of the noise pollution I hear.

  • http://hlb-engineering.us/ HLB

    How about we engineer the Sounds of Silence? Signed.. real world professional engineer

  • http://hlb-engineering.us/ HLB

    Sounds produced by man are the expenditure of energy not effectively producing the product. For example: the sound of a car going by is gasoline wasted on noise, not ideally spent on propulsion.

  • http://hlb-engineering.us/ HLB

    I mute television commercials. Does that make me a New Age insurgent? Having paid the cable bill, I’ve already paid for the programming.

    I don’t believe in paying twice for the same real estate.
    –Gen. George Patten

    • Philip Kousoubris

      I do too – even as a teenager I concocted a simple circuit to cut off commercial sound as they were all louder than the programs sound. Commercials are so much calmer when muted…

      • Jeff

        So you created a low pass filter? How did you attach that to your stereo system? Commercials are obnoxious…I wish there was a technology that could reliably keep the volume at the correct level.

  • J__o__h__n

    Yes, you can turn most of your own device’s beeps off, but that doesn’t help with hearing everyone else’s. I shouldn’t be able to tell that someone got a text if I’m thirty feet away.

  • http://hlb-engineering.us/ HLB

    Hell is other people’s noise.
    –Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre

    • Emily4HL

      Actually, for Sartre, its other people. Period. At least in “No Exit.”

      • J__o__h__n

        I suspect if they were quiet, 99% of them wouldn’t be noticed as being annoying.

  • Michiganjf

    The study of acoustics has ancient roots…

    The 1,100-year-old Temple of Kukulcan, in the Mayan city of Chichen Itza in Mexico, recreates the call of the quetzal bird when a listener stands before the steps and quickly claps repeatedly.

    http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/12/1206_021206_TVMayanTemple.html

  • LiAnneAna

    I would love to know what came of this stop the honking campaign: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/29/nyregion/new-york-removes-no-honking-signs.html?_r=0

  • Vandermeer

    I continue to beg my YMCA spin instructor to turn down the volume on the music in our group exercise room. There are 4 speakers that blare the music as loud as it goes. She usually laughs at me when I ask her to turn down the volume and so I have reverted to spending over $10 a month to buy earplugs. She says loud music makes people workout harder. I believe she is actually going a little deaf and has no idea how harmful she is being to her classes. I see older people who have lost their hearing and are living in a very lonely and less social world because of it. What can I do to help get this instructor to understand that she is harming her classes.

    • Emily4HL

      That stinks. If you have to raise your voice to hear each other, its too loud. Music definitely pumps you up, but not at the expense of your hearing!

      Maybe you can get others in your class to start using ear plugs too so you can present a united front.

    • JS

      Talk to someone higher up in the YMCA branch.

  • Philip Kousoubris

    This isn’t a scientific comment – this is the real complaint from a Chestnut Hill (MA) resident who finds himself under a Logan airport Jet flight path, not to mention the DAILY low overhead propeller planes and increasing helicopters (some at tree top level!). I even complained to the Logan noise abatement hotline, like a crazy suburbanite, and got a polite letter stating the aircraft was at 5000 ft. LOL. Aircraft noise pollute like no other!!!

    • IsaacWalton

      Boy, I’d move.

      • Philip Kousoubris

        I will in a few years Isaac, but I’m not mentioning the air traffic to any potential buyer!!!

  • http://hlb-engineering.us/ HLB

    Earbuds: the engineered solution to turning off the noises emanating from the commons.

    Noise: the audio tragedy of the commons.

  • IsaacWalton

    It’s great, now there is science to CANCEL noise! I smell a conspiracy!

  • Ed Forman

    For bike riders, electric cars can be very dangerous. You become used to listening for approaching cars. Electric cars are nearly silent. Should it be a safety requirement that electric cars sound like gas-powered vehicles?

    • J__o__h__n

      No.

    • art525

      For pedestrians bikes can be very dangerous. You don’t hear them coming. I am often startled by bikers suddenly being at my side. And of course ignoring traffic signals. Perhaps they should be required to sound like cars.

      • J__o__h__n

        The bigger problem is that they are on sidewalks. I know to look for bikes and cars when I’m crossing the street.

  • adks12020

    Oh man, I would love the machine the guest just talked about to tune down traffic sounds. Maybe it would help tune out the 6am (30 minutes before I need to wake up for work) garbage trucks that come to my home or the school across the street 3 different days during the week.

  • http://hlb-engineering.us/ HLB

    Where’s the CD? The sounds of all of the “permanent” ice on earth slowly turning into water.

    Then the companion CD: the sounds of rising seawater lapping at our shores.

  • Emily4HL

    I’d like to see action on reducing the negative affects of our noise pollution on other ecosystems, particularly whales and bats.

  • J__o__h__n

    I also hate being subjected to recorded announcements on public transportation explaining routine things in more detail than needed (or worse the Charlie Brown adult voice of a live person who is even less concise).

    • Emily4HL

      Especially when you don’t hear important announcements from the actual driver, such as “this train is running in express mode and skipping the next three stops.”

      • J__o__h__n

        The more blather, the more you tune out and occasionally it is something important.

  • Jeff

    I remembering hearing a piece on NPR, maybe ten years ago, about two guys who had analyzed the emotional effect of certain tones. I still remember this one: “active anxiety in a context of flux.” I love that. Do your guests know anything about this list of the effects of certain tones? Or: can these sounds not be reduced to general descriptions? How personal are our reactions? My mother finds the hum of the refrigerator to be soothing, whereas I find it irritating.

  • Jeff

    I would pay a ton of money to anyone who can create a device that plugs into my TV/Stereo and keeps volume levels the same for all TV shows and commercials.

    • AnneDH

      Good idea. One reason we don’t subscribe to live TV anymore; just Netflix.

  • Anne

    Among the sounds I find difficult to take are the verbal tics “sort of,” “kind of,” and “you know,” that have peppered the otherwise interesting interview with Megan Garber.

  • furrious1

    A listener from Connecticut called about Harley Davidson motorcycle exhaust noise. There is a campaign in Boston to have the police issue tickets for mufflers that are not legal. It is not merely annoying, it is against the law! I would love to see citizens complain about egregious narcissists disturbing the peace on Newbury Street. Legal muffers have a stamped certificate on the muffler-so it is not a subjective judgement in question.

    • Scott B

      The local shops in my area won’t even inspect a bike that doesn’t have an actual baffle in it.

      Those stamps apply mostly to certain states (such as California with their CARB laws), and only anmufacturers that make a certain amount of bike per year. Also, if the bike is made before a certain date, they’re often excluded from such laws.

      For any vehicle, not just bikes, the issue I have with sound level tickets issued by cops is that the results can be skewed by so many variables: where the decibel meter is held (to the side or behind the vehicle), and how far away it’s held (most places state it has to be 6 feet away, or so).

      It’s not the exhausts so much, as it’s the rolling boomboxes that some people turn their cars into that seem to be the biggest problem.

  • Benjamin Williams

    How about the distribution of sound across different class environments? For example, much of Cambridge and Boston’s Back Bay and South End sound peaceful, calm, and pedestrian, whereas poorer neighborhoods in Boston have more honking, faster traffic noise, and so on.

  • J__o__h__n

    More individual choices will not deal with the problem of increased overall noises.

  • Benjamin Williams

    Also, nuts to anyone wearing earbuds while walking around. Folks walking with earbuds often walk in the middle of the sidewalk, slowly, step into traffic, can’t hear someone walking or in a wheelchair behind or beside them, and so on. Individualized sound environments are so unnecessary.

    • Alchemical Reaction

      But soon the devices will be able to detect when a pedestrian is approaching a crosswalk and amplify ambient sound.

      As a writer, and someone with extremely sensitive hearing, I find having an individualized sound environment absolutely CRITICAL. I am able to hear everything fine and I keep my music relatively quiet. I am also vigilant about being aware of my surroundings, having traveled all over the world and lived in more than one big city.

  • art525

    A few years ago I saw an article about a motorcycle that had a dial where you could choose the sound it would make. Various choses loud and soft. I foound it rather creepy. It seems dishonest and pretentious.

  • TyroneJ

    Apple is buying Beats for the brand, nothing more. Beats products are common generic devices from China rebranded with the Beats logo.

  • Whitesauce

    Sadly, Mr. McQuivey knows nothing about the current iTunes Radio. It works just like Pandora. These analysts are paid to be experts, but they don’t live up to it. I’d take what he is saying with a grain of salt.

  • Nicabod

    Sme time ago, I read about an acoustically-engineered vacuum cleaner that was much quieter than typical; but didn’t sell, because it didn’t /sound/ powerful. Some time ago, I read about an acoustically-engineered vacuum cleaner that was much quieter than typical; but didn’t sell, because it didn’t /sound/ powerful.

    In NYC in the latter decades of the post century, the hydraulic systems of the trash truck compactors were like sirens, and they were busy well before sunrise, as I remember.

    I’m 78, and it seems that commonplace voice placement among younger people is all over the map; nothing sounds goofy, from routinely forcing one’s pitch as high and bright as anatomically possible to briefly simulating a granny’s creak. Add to these quacking speech and something suggested by the word “snarl” spoken emphatically and slowly.

    That recording of a washing machine must have been a heavy load with sever unbalance starting its spin cycle.

    Of peripheral interest is that WBUR broadcasts almost complete in monaural.

    • AnneDH

      About vacuum cleaners:

      I HATE them because they are so loud (I have particularly sensitive ears that can pick up subtle nuances in music and make me able to pronounce foreign languages perfectly (just the way I was born)).

      Anyway, my theory about why they are so loud, and this is going to sound sexist, I know, but I believe it is because mostly women use them, who are less likely to complain or be listened to.

  • Nicabod

    Sorry about the duplication in the first paragraph; software glitch, not what I sent.

  • nj_v2

    I bought a used truck a few years back. Got a pretty good deal given the mileage and condition. It really only needed a few hundreds dollars worth of work; water pump and such.

    The previous owner had put in an exhaust system that was deliberately designed to be loud, a Flowmaster if i remember correctly. The thinking for some, such as it is, goes something like, loud = powerful = cool.

    In addition to the other work, the first thing i did was to have the roaring system removed and something quieter put on. Curiously, it was hard to find original, manufacturer part, but i eventually found something that, while not as quiet as one would hope, was a whole lot better than the Flowmaster.

  • Palboy

    The Reason That Apple Might Have Bought BEATS That No One Is Talking About. Written By Glenway Fripp

    Beats is riding a trend away from music of convenience and toward
    music that is hi fidelity. Over the last twenty years, thanks to the
    iPod, ear buds, mini stereo systems and data compression there has been a
    gradual loss of fidelity in the music most of us hear. Most people have
    been happy to follow this trend. There is nothing inherently wrong with
    the trade off of Hi Fidelity in exchange for being able to have 10,000
    of your favorite tunes in your pocket. Unfortunately, this trend has
    left a gaping hole in the world of Hi Fidelity music listening. I think
    that Dr.Dre and Iovine are right in their belief that when people return
    to the Hi-Fi experience they will embrace it with open arms. The return
    to true Hi-Fi is going to be a huge trend in music listening. It would
    not surprise me at all if there is a sound partitioned room added to
    every flagship Apple Store where one can listen to real Hi Fidelity
    sound equipment. Not just Beats equipment. All sorts of Speakers,
    Amplifiers etc. in different combinations. The acquisition of Beats will
    mark the return to the model of the audio stores of the 70s like “Tech
    Hi-Fi”. ‘Beats’ will be the audio department at Apple stores. This is
    why Apple bought ‘Beats’.

    This trend will provide Apple a hugemoat, at least in this country, where listening rooms have all but disappeared. Good luck listening to music at a department store. Even ifSamsung produced high level speakers customers would have no where to go to have a comparative listening experience; that is unless Samsung’s speakers were judged as being good enough to be displayed in the ‘Beats’Listening room at your nearest Apple store.

    Both Dr.Dre and Iovine know what Hi-FI audio can be. How many of you have been in a pro studio console room listening a the final mix of what will soon become ahit record? These two cats hear it all the time and both are frustratedby the weak representation of their work that the accepted standards ofaudio equipment provide. The studio experience is the experience that Beats wants to share with the world. That is their vision. It doesn’t matter that much if Beats current line of hardware sucks! Apple can help Beats with their vision using Apple’s team of engineers who will make
    Beats’ engineers feel like children. The Beats headphone will get much
    better under Apple’s wings. NO DOUBT! Equally improved will be the audio
    department at Apple stores through Dr.Dre and Iovine’s vision.

    Linked to the page below is an interview of Iovine by Mossberg which confirms my assertion about Iovine’s vision:

    http://allthingsd.com/20130306/jimmy-iovine-explains-his-60-million-music-plan/

    • AnneDH

      Being an avid music & book listener, oh, I do so hope you are right!!

  • Scott B

    The caller complaining about the sound of Harleys sounds like he’s biased because of some experience with some outliers with bikes in general. Not all Harley owners, such as myself, have obnoxiously loud bikes. Yes, my pipes are a bit louder than stock, but that’s partly for performance and economy, but also because I KNOW my pipes have saved my neck more than a couple times from people in cars that couldn’t see me, but could hear me. But I don’t have unbaffled pipes (aka straight pipes, or drag pipes and are illegal most places) that some idiots run, thinking they either sound cool (which they don’t, ever, and especially in the middle of the night or early morning), and/or they enhance performance, which they actually decrease power and slowly but surely wreck the motor. I also don’t sit in my driveway and rev it up, or let it sit running, for half an hour; and I do keep my riding hours to when most people are awake as much as possible. If I do have to run in a place, or at a time, where it’s would be better to be a quieter about things, I short-shift (run in a higher gear at a lower speed) until I can resume regular riding.

    For myself, as far as bikes go, I find the whine of the “crotch-rocket” sport bikes much more annoying, in packs in particular. My experience finds those bikes to be much louder and the riders more prone to bad behavior when it comes to over-revving the bikes when, and where, it’s most annoying. But perhaps that’s my bais?

    • twenty_niner

      “but also because I KNOW my pipes have saved my neck more than a couple times”

      +1

      Absolutely, as a rider of sportbikes and Harleys, I’ve sworn off sports bikes. It’s too easy to go fast, but worse, they’re too damn quiet (at least stock). No one hears you coming. I do a lot less swerving out of the way on a Harley.

      • Scott B

        As a person that rides bikes I try to be on the lookout for bikes, but there’s been a few times when somebody on a Goldwing, or some other silent running bike, has suddenly run up on me.
        I’ve seen people craning their necks around because I know that while they can’t see me, they can hear me.

        Sometimes that’s not even a help when some idiot in a minivan full of kids, yakking on a cell phone, suddenly wants to be in your lane.

        As for sport bikes, I don’t need to go that fast, and they make you a smaller object, being all hunched over the tank vs being upright on a cruiser. Seen too many people over estimate their bikes, and underestimate their skills, regardless of type, but the sport bikes stand out.

    • halberst

      It’s not outliers – Harlies in general are loud. It amazes me that a stock motorcycle that isn’t particularly fast and doesn’t get very good milage can be so annoying. But so few Harley riders even leave the stock pipes on and go out of their way to rape our ears. I had a co-worker who owned a Harley- he actually wore earplugs so HIS hearing wouldn’t get damaged from HIS OWN engine noise. If you want to ride and be safe wear hi-vis, don’t lane split, and ride a motorcycle that is safer, you know with anti lock brakes and such. Don’t blast your noise into my house!

      I once lived in a city where this was particularly problematic. Along with the cars that “go boom” motorcycles would rattle our windows, wake our baby, interrupt our phone conversations or our TV and radio enjoyment. I dubbed those sounds the “Meth and Mullet Mating Call” because of the demographic that enjoyed such behavior. And it was really what was killing this downtrodden town.

      Normal people who had a choice wouldn’t want to live like that. The poor schools, crime and blight were bad, But in any other civilized society when you got home you could largely forget about the problems outside. But in those special Harley infested towns every few seconds to minutes you’d get a reminder that you lived in the ghetto and somebody else had control of what you could do in your own home.

      • Scott B

        WOW! Linking loud bikes to crime and poor schools, meth and mullets. That’s quite a leap? Can I turn the tables on you and assume some stereotypes about you? It seems that if you put a piece of coal up into your rectum, by morning you’d have a diamond. “Uptight” doesn’t quite describe it. “Normal”? Remember when you point that finger at someone that you have three fingers pointing back at you. Or didn’t your parents teach you that?

        Harley’s come out of the factory having to meet limits on the level of sound. But they kill performance, economy, and – important to lots of us – “audible visibility” in that keeps us safer. Think that being heard isn’t important? There have been so many accidents from electric cars being so quiet, too quiet, that people can’t hear them coming and step out, or pull out, in front of them. Lawmakers and manufacturers are looking into making them a bigger audible presence, such as external speakers emitting fake road noise, so that people can hear them approach.

        As for earplugs, I often wear them too, because I’m not insulated from engine, exhaust, and wind noise the way passengers in a car are. In fact, some vehicle are so well insulated from external sound that they’ve caused accidents because the operators didn’t hear the vehicle next to them, or the sound of the siren from an emergency vehicle that they blocked, or pulled in front of the emergency vehicle and was crashed into.

        ABS is an new option for bikes, and not all of us can afford it, or a new bike. Nor do we all want a new bike the same way not all classic car owners want to get a new car.

        High Vis can help, but there are people that just don’t think bikes belong on the road and will ignore traffic rules, not giving us our proper right of way, if not outright running us off the road.

        Lane splitting is legal in some states. That being said, one still has to be smart and obey the laws regarding it. It’s meant for when traffic has turned into a muti-lane parking lot, not during the regular flow of traffic.

        As I said in my other posts, I’m not a fan of obnoxiously loud bikes, but I’m also not a fan of people in cars with overly loud exhaists, and/or with mega-watt stereos thumping out volumes to the level that living by the airport would seem quieter. I’ve had my sleep, and my kid, woken up by those far more than the odd bike(s). But I don’t go blaming them for the ills of our society.

        • halberst

          Well, looking at the “communities” in my area that are known for their Harley culture that’s my experience. The “look mom” pipes are prominently heard in towns like Vallejo, Richmond etc. a nearly perfect overlay of where crime and poor schools are the norm. Of course they’re happy to spoil everybody’s peace, even in places like Yosemite where even on flat land cruising at 25mph I could hear them from miles away.

          From what I understand here in California at least, there are noise limits but the agency that used to test problem bikes was defunded. Loud noise, especially from motorcycles and other motor vehicles that have been intentionally modified to suit the mating habits of their users has a very negative aspect on the rest of society. Of course there are other vehicles that also attempt to do the same, but none at the same prevalence as the Harley. I’ve heard plenty of loud Honda Civics in my time as an example, but as a percentage of overall users they’re tiny.

          I understand at times it is indeed important to be heard at times. But like the sirens from ambulances, police and fire being heard is only necessary at certain times. They turn those noises off when not in need. But the argument I often hear from bikers that use their exhaust rather than a horn to achieve that purpose, to spew the vast majority of noise in the wrong direction (directly behind them.) If not used with other obvious safety tools like high visibility clothing, “real” helmets (not the faux Nazi type or none at all) and careful riding skills that first argument rings as hollow as the wheezing pretend power sounds of a HD that is easily outperformed by most other quieter makes of bike. ABS from what I have read is standard in less expensive makes that are also more fuel efficient and reliable.

          Your right to make unnecessary noise ends at the end of your property. I’m fine with it if you want to listen to you music, your pipes, or anything else so long as the rest of us who don’t want to don’t have to in our homes, parks, public sidewalks, etc. Of course there’s a grey area….how loud is too loud. No means of transportation is completely silent. But the fact that I could drive my subcompact Toyota with five people and luggage and make much less noise and get similar mileage seems to imply that there is something wrong with even stock HDs.

          Noise is a huge factor for ills in our society. Having lived in a Harley infested town once I attended a community meeting once sponsored by the police department. The number one complaint, before burglary, graffiti, blight etc was by far noise.

  • http://www.ivaudiobranding.com/ iV

    There is an entire discipline devoted to creating audio identities for brands, that consider a number of the topics discussed on the show today. In the automotive industry in particular, the sound of the brand is extremely important. Consider the way automotive makers enhance their engine sounds (http://www.caranddriver.com/features/faking-it-engine-sound-enhancement-explained-tech-dept) or the way BMW focuses on sonifying the consumer experience (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqZcSPXPhcc) or how Audi is creating branded sound for their electric vehicles (http://gizmodo.com/5899368/how-audi-makes-its-electric-cars-sound-like-a-futuristic-gas-guzzler/). For further examples, you might try following our curated scoop.it page, where we post interesting articles about life at the intersection of sound, science and marketing: http://www.scoop.it/t/audio-branding

  • halberst

    Funny motorcycle noise is torture to me but I *love* Klezmer music. But fortunately for those who don’t love Klezmer I only force my poor daughter to listen while in the car. Nobody else! Lots of fun watching her pre-teen eyes roll when the guy goes into falcetta in A Chassid in Amsterdam ;-)

  • Alchemical Reaction

    Grooveshark is the best.

  • Carla

    I wish they would turn down the music in restaurants and shops

  • HonestDebate1

    I built a kennel once and always thought it would be a great thing to invent some kind of noise canceling system for the yap yaps. If two speaker cabinets are wired out of phase, certain frequencies cancel each other out. I’m telling’ ya’, there’s money to be made!

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