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Lessons From Fukushima

Yoichi Funabashi, the man who led Japan’s top investigation into the Fukushima nuclear disaster gives us the inside story on a national tragedy.

In this image made from Japan's NTV/NNN Japan television, smoke ascends from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant's Unit 3 in Okumamachi, northern Japan, Monday, March 14, 2011. The second hydrogen explosion in three days rocked Japan's stricken nuclear plant Monday, sending a massive column of smoke into the air and wounding 11 workers. (AP)

In this image made from Japan's NTV/NNN Japan television, smoke ascends from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant's Unit 3 in Okumamachi, northern Japan, Monday, March 14, 2011. The second hydrogen explosion in three days rocked Japan's stricken nuclear plant Monday, sending a massive column of smoke into the air and wounding 11 workers. (AP)

One year ago this weekend, nuclear nightmare came to Japan. It started with an epic earthquake. Then an epic tsunami. A dark wall of water engulfing the Japanese coast. And then, a triple nuclear meltdown at a place whose name the world would come to know: Fukushima.

A big, new independent report on the crisis lays out how close Japan came to a nationally crippling disaster. We have its top guy. As it is, Japan suffers. Food fears. Evacuees. Abandoned land. Tight energy.

This hour, On Point: the story of Fukushima, and nuclear lessons for Japan – and the United States.

-Tom Ashbrook

Guests

Yoichi Funabashi, chairman of the Rebuild Japan Initiative Foundation and program director of the “Independent Investigation Commission on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident.”

Kenneth Cukier, Japan correspondent for the Economist.

David Biello, Energy and Environment editor at Scientific American, his article on the U.S. nuclear industry and the possibility of mass evacuations is here.

Highlights

The devastating earthquake that hit Japan one year ago, pushed the Japanese government to consider drastic options, as radiation spewed from the stricken Fukushima Diiachi nuclear power plant, including the evacuation of Tokyo.

Most frighteningly, if the Fukushima plant had been allowed to spiral totally out of control and the disaster spread to other nearby plants, the world’s largest city would have been in serious danger.

The resulting plume of radiation from of a wider nuclear disaster “could have resulted in the complete evacuation of Tokyo,” said Yoichi Funabashi, who headed a major review of the events surrounding the disaster. “To evacuate 30 million people from the Tokyo metropolitan area would have been impossible.”

“It came closer to a worst-case-scenario than anyone would like to admit,” Funabashi said.

How could Japan have let its nuclear infrastructure get so out of control? Part of the reason, says Funabashi, was a “myth” of regulatory oversight that led both the utility companies and the government to assume that the situation at the plants was better than it was. “At its core, Japan’s nuclear safety regime was so hollow, phony. Regulators pretended to regulate, utilities pretended to be regulated,” he said. “In reality, the regulated were far more powerful, politically and financially.”

Such unbalanced relationships are common – if not universal—in other countries around the world, Funabashi said.

Despite the risks, Funabashi warned against quitting nuclear power cold turkey, urging the gradual replacement of nuclear power by other sources in the coming years.

From Tom’s Reading List

The New York Times “In the darkest moments of last year’s nuclear accident, Japanese leaders did not know the actual extent of damage at the plant and secretly considered the possibility of evacuating Tokyo, even as they tried to play down the risks in public, an independent investigation into the accident disclosed on Monday. ”

Scientific American “The Fukushima evacuation zone raises the issue of what would happen during an evacuation in heavily populated U.S. metropolises during a nuclear meltdown.”

The Guardian ‘The remains of the shattered reactors are still some distance away when you first notice the sheer destruction of Japan’s nuclear disaster. The journey into the heart of the world’s worst nuclear crisis since Chernobyl 26 years ago begins much earlier, in the towns and villages that exist in name only, their residents having been sent fleeing a year ago.”

Frontline“The earthquake that shook the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant was the most powerful to strike Japan since records began. The company that operates the plant, TEPCO, has forbidden its workers from speaking publicly about what followed. But one year on, they are starting to tell their stories. Some have asked for their identities to be hidden for fear of being fired.”

Map Of The Fukushima Disaster
View Map Of The Fukushima Disaster in a larger map

Video: Fukishima Daiichi Nuclear Plant Explosion

On March 12, 2011, cameras captured a massive explosion in the outer structure of the plant’s unit 1. Four workers are injured.

Video: International Atomic Energy Commission Site Visit

This is video of a fact-finding mission to the damaged Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant on 27 May 2011, the final site visit of the team’s effort to identify lessons from the Japanese nuclear accident that could help improve global nuclear safety.

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  • AC

    Can you give us a profile of Japan’s energy industry & what, if any, other technologies are being considered by them after this?

  • Cory, Lord of the Nerds

    If we are ever going to get away from fossil fuels, we need to use a combination of all the other options.  Wind, tidal, and solar are individually insufficient to the task, so nuclear power is essential to act as a bridge to our energy future.

    I’ve said all along, we won’t stop using oil until it is no longer profitable.  Gas in my little hamlet has gone up almost fifty cents a gallon in the past week, so I’m guessing someone is still making money on it (hand over fist?).

    If we were SERIOUS about it, there would be a national effort and mandate to change the paradigm.  A requirement for a solar and wind component to ALL new residential and commercial construction would be a start.  Solar and wind mandates on signifigant remodels would be a followup step.  Is this big government?  You’re damn right it is!

    We need to act like grown-ups regarding nuclear.  If you want to make an energy omelette, you will have to break some eggs.  Fukushima, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, BP in the Gulf?!  The other option that seems least likely is to greatly reduce our energy consumption….  BWAHAHAHAHAH!!! 

    • Patrik

      Don’t forget cold fusion, I still have hope

    • Cherrycola

      No one mentions geothermal anymore.  Why is that?  While running for president, George W. had his 100% geothermal ranch in Crawford built.
      Funny that, huh?
      I am also in favor of further development of magnetic energy.  People all over the world are building little generators out of magnets, powering their homes/businesses & selling energy back to the grid.  I don’t see why magnetic energy, generator housing, etc development has not gotten more attention.  It seems that it has the most sustainability potential of any other so-called “cleaner” energy out there.

  • Lfoote

    Could you ask your guests about the crisis communication process during the disaster? 
    Was there a point where greater transparency, and willingness to get input from international experts, could have saved the situation or reduced the loss of life?
    Why do leaders sometimes freeze during a crisis instead of calling for help?

  • Kestral

    I wonder how many people are like me and have changed buying behavior as a result of this nuclear accident.  I no longer buy food products made in Japan such as seaweed, noodles, sauces etc.  I would not trust it was safe unless I could wave a geiger counter over it myself. 

    In fact, I am a little wary of any food raised in any area which may be “downwind” of fallout.

    • Cherrycola

      I stopped buying stuff from China after it was found that they were allowing the poisoning of their own babies in the baby formula.  Now I check EVERYthing.  If those people will allow their own kids to be poisoned, I know that they don’t give a rip about the rest of us.
      Same with stuff from Japan.  Their government has lied so much to them, in the tradition of “saving face” that there is no way that I would trust food products from Japan.  It’s very unfortunate.  I’m sure that very many who think & behave this way will further damage Japan’s economy.  But that is just something I cannot help. 
      The whole thing is so upsetting.  Had everyone involved been more upfront & honest from the beginning (back to safety inspections, etc.), this entire mess might have been at least partially, if not entirely avoided.

  • Anonymous

    I watched the Frontline show on the nuclear accident and I was struck how there was a serious flaw in the design of the backup systems for the reactors considering where they were built.
    That all electricity went off and that there was no way to vent other than manually strikes me as the height of absurdity.
    The engineers did not know the system well enough was another surprise. It seemed to me that everything that could go wrong here did, and that the design of the reactors, no I should say the failure of the design was evident.

       

  • Anonymous

    The lessons learned for Fukushima are plain to see.  If you plan to use nuclear power, stick with reactions that are inherently safe.  Yes, I know most readers here will believe that all nuclear power is not safe, but they are uninformed.

    Liquid Flouro-Thorium Reactors (LFTR – “lifters”) are inherently safe, can never result in a run-away reaction, are 400x more efficient than light water reactors, and produce 10,000 times less waste.  They’ve been around since the 1960′s but the US gov’t has favored uranium reactors on historical reasons based on military applications.

    • AC

      i don’t disagree with you at all; i don’t think nuclear should be dismissed out of hand since it is the most efficient energy system out there – tho, i do fear the waste, but i am not aware (other than burial containment) of what research is being done on how to handle the waste. maybe the guests can discuss it….

      • Modavations

        yucca mt.Good for hundreds of thousands of years.

  • Patrik

    After other Tsunami’s in earlier years, did the developers even consider that being so close to the water that there might be a high chance of a Tsunami impacting the facility?  What preventative measures, if any, were made during or after the building of the plant?  In my opinion, the damage seemed far worse then it should have been if it was anticiapted.

    • Patrik

      *anticipated

    • Anonymous

      It was built with tsunamis in mind. However not the one that hit that day. I agree, they should have built for the worse case scenario. One design mistake was putting the backup generators and power plant on lower ground.
      It failed as soon as the sea wall was breached.

      • Patrik

        ah, ok so it was more design flaws than preventative safety against natural disasters

        • Anonymous

          I would say that the design flaws did not take into account the possibility of an earthquake and tsunami of this magnitude.
          From what I read about this this area of Japan has a history of huge disasters such as this every 100 years or so. Baring that in mind one would have thought the least they could have done was put the backup generators on higher ground and designing them to withstand something on this magnitude. The accident happened because all the electricity stopped working. They were in the dark, literally.

  • U.S. Vet.

    The U.S. federal goverment did not do nearly enough to help the people of Japan after this tragedy.

    • http://gregorycamp.wordpress.com/ Greg Camp

       What more could we have done?  We’re having enough difficulty helping ourselves right now.

  • aj

    The Japanese people are a great people.

    They want us to get the hell out of Okinawa!

    We are a selfish people.

    And we are gonna be Okinawa until the bitter end.

    Bring em’ home.  Bring them ALL home.

    Ron Paul 2012. 

    • http://gregorycamp.wordpress.com/ Greg Camp

       The Japanese can tell us to leave, if that’s what they want.  Given the threat of North Korea and the rising power of China, they probably want us to stick around.

      • aj

        Your counter is an informed one. However, the people of Okinawa are vehemently opposed to our on going occupation.

        And I would suggest to you that if they respected the Okinawans, and attempted to relocate elsewhere in Japan, they would find that their “closest” ally in the east, would show them No Quarter.

        Your thoughts Greg?

        • http://gregorycamp.wordpress.com/ Greg Camp

           Japan spent the Cold War being defended by the United States.  If the Japanese are ready to pay for their own security, so be it, but I don’t see them doing that any time soon.

          • aj

            So then what Greg? Are you saying we are going to borrow money from China at an increasing interest rate, for the purpose of defending Japan, in violation of Okinawan home-rule sovereignty, from China?

            Does that sound ilogical to you sir?

        • Cherrycola

          When I lived on the island of Kyushu, vans of people in black arm-bands drove around yelling “Gaijin Go Home!”
          I’d say it’s more than just the Okinawans in Japan who want us gone.

          • aj

            That’s brilliant Cherrycola. I’ve never been to Japan, only in dreams.  So I only know from what I read.  Your first hand account is gratifying to hear. Thanks, sincerele.

      • Gregg

        It’s interesting we nuked the mortal enemy and now we’re close allies.

        • aj

          that ties this thread in nicely with the topic of the show. thanks Gregg.

          P.S. We nuked them twice.  Mostly women and children. War is Hell :(

  • Modavations

    You don’t have to be a nuclear physicist to know one shouldn’t build on top of volcanoes,on Tsunami prone beaches,nor faults.

  • tpaz

    Permanent evacuation of Tokyo could have occurred with simply a different wind direction combined with rainfall (acknowledged by prime minister). NO technology is worth this risk, period. Many Japanese have suffered from probable radiation sicknesses, and this is going largely unreported by major media.

    Do not eat seaweed or any other seafood from Eastern Pacific, particularly if you are pregnant, or a child, or want to reduce your radiation intake….most of the released radiation ended up in ocean and much IS still around and did not not disperse as was hoped originally.

    • http://gregorycamp.wordpress.com/ Greg Camp

       No technology is worth the risk?  You are aware, aren’t you, that technology in many ways mitigates risk?  This requires a balancing of risks, not a reflexive response.

    • aj

      Tokyo is the most densely populated metropolitan area in the world.  That scenario would have been extraordinary; almost Hollywood end-of-the-world type stuff. CLOSE CALL. Phew.

      Although, if anyone could of pulled it off, it would be the beautiful people of Japan.

      • Modavations

        conjecture!!!!!The whopped Godzilla

        • Modavations

          they

  • bob

    30 minutes into the progam – no callers allowed and No new facts revealed.  Talk about mailing in the program on a Monday!

    • Modavations

      I’ll translate Bob for you Tom…..”You’re not promoting my world view so you’re a crook”.

  • Patrik

    Wow, that is a heavy, and scary, claim calling the safety agency involved phony!

  • Yar

    Tom,Please put this in proper context, while focusing on the nuclear situation, you are forgetting what the tsunami did to the rest of the coast.  It is like having Katrina times ten in addition to the nuclear meltdown.
    We have spent fuel pools at all of our reactors. Why, because we won’t pick a place to store it. 

    • aj

      Regarding the tsunami, I heard that NOAA is monitoring (via satelite) the Japanese garbage patch making its way to the west coast.

       

    • Modavations

      yucca mt.will hold the stuff for 100,000′s of thousands of yrs

  • Jenamal07

    What is the nation doing for the heros that went into the reactor?  I hope there is a monument to these people.

    • Modavations

      Real men don’t need statues,they don’t call attention to their charitable endeavors either

      • aj

        Not charity, martyrdom. If not a statue, the least you could do is show them respect, son.

        Charity?…Ha!

        • aj

          Mitt Romney’s blood stained millions to his mormon cult is charity, so-called.

          Those Japanese martyrs who were in that radiation exposed fox hole for weeks are Samurai.

          Protest that, dingleberry.

          • Modavations

            Why are so many NPR posters mentally fragile.From Where does the unending hate come,from whenst the omnipresent Chip on your shoulder

        • Modavations

          Respect need not be called attention to either Mr Spartacus.Are you clairvoyent.

  • http://gregorycamp.wordpress.com/ Greg Camp

     We hear calls on this program and discussion board all the time for an immediate elimination of coal and oil and nuclear energy, but how will we replace those?  The disaster that would result from a rapid change to a pre-industrial world would be far worse than the problems that we currently face.  We do need to move to renewable sources of energy, but we can’t give up much of the total energy usage without losing a lot of people in the process.

    • aj

      If we had elected Carter in 80′, our total energy consumption today would be halved.  At this rate we could get by on entirely renewable energy, and we would have global excess-greenhouse-gas-emission on the decline.

      Instead, a fatigued baby polar bear just drowned trying to swim to his mama as I typed this, and we the homosapian species are slated for extinction circa 3000 A.D.

      Bio-char is the only thing that can save us now people. Unfortunately its too late for the little polar cubs :(

      • Modavations

        That’s funny.I saw Inhofe on C-Span two days ago.He quoted Canada’s main Polar Bear guy saying populations are robust,breeding and not close to being endangered

        • aj

          Was he a Harper appointee? Or a genuine academic?

          Inhofe is an utter traitor, to future generations of his fellow countrymen. Most un-patriotic on his part.  I don’t know how he sleeps at night.

          • Modavations

            I stand by my statement.This was on C-Span a few days ago,Mr Spartacus.

          • Gregg

            It’s true and I challenge you to cite a single source that shows data saying polar bears are in trouble. BTW the caribou populations are thriving too.

            Go with science not emotions.

          • aj

            Ok, you might have it on the polar bears.  I’ll look into it.

            But please tell me, you are not a denier of man-made greenhouse gas effect on climate and its dire consequences??

            Which is and has been the consensus of the National Academy for years?

            I know you must be listening to Rush do his best to keep a stiff upper lip, so a simple yes or no will do.

          • Gregg

            Sorry, yes or no will not suffice but I also don’t want to have this debate yet again, especially off-topic.

            My position is the debate is not honest, the science is not settled, the IPCC is corrupt, the 2007 4th quarter assessment report is severely discredited and much of the “science” is based on it, there are those who believe it is justified to make wild exaggerations and they do. There has been no significant warming in 15 years, there is no data that says the sea will rise 20 feet, the polar bears are not in danger, glaciers are expanding in the southern hemisphere. Also, I love the earth and hate pollution.

        • Anonymous

          Third-hand information with Modababbler being the narrow end of the funnel. What could be more reliable?

  • Omh717

    One thing that should not be overlooked is the age of these plants. I believe they are close to 40years old, like many of ours. As with any technology, 40 years is too too old and outdated.

    • http://gregorycamp.wordpress.com/ Greg Camp

       Why is forty years too old with any technology?  There are many things in this world that are much older and still work fine.  New does not necessarily equal better.

      • Lrduffsb

         Except that the consequences for failure of those other older technologies is probably not the nightmare catastrophe that comes with the failure leading to a full on China syndrome meltdown. Madness! Like Einstein said, “Everything has changed (with the invention of nuclear weapons/power) but our thinking (“we can handle it with our human ingenuity/technology”). Humans and their technology are fallible, driven by greed sometimes, as we saw with Fukushima.

  • Anonymous

    Which Science Fiction author wrote that all reactors should be built below grade-i.e.: capable of flooding?

  • Lrduffsb

    I just heard last night that there is an asteroid headed our way, to come very close, possibly hit the earth a year from now, February 2013, I believe. If it hits on land, it would have the impact of a nuclear bomb, or if it hits the ocean, would trigger a tsunami like never before seen. If it hit near a reactor, or nuclear waste storage site, or triggered a tsunami much bigger than ever seen, are any of the proponents still promoting ‘safe’ nuclear power willing to stake their lives on our safety?

    As someone said a year ago, “If it were windmills, or solar panels in the path of the tsunami, we wouldn’t be talking about it”. What does it take for us to learn that, no, we can’t handle nuclear power and waste, our technology can’t foresee and overcome every possibility. More unspeakable disasters to come, I’m afraid.

    • aj

      Maybe the Mayans were right about 2012, just off by a couple months :)

      • Modavations

        now you get it.tHIS DOES NOT END WELL.tHE nUKES WILL BE NOTHING COMPARED TO THE BANK FAILURES AND RACE WARS.mY OPINION,

    • Gregg

      Doom and gloom sells every time. Don’t sweat it.

      • Lrduffsb

        If you’re wrong are you and the others saying “don’t sweat it” willing to walk into the core of the failing power plant and sacrifice your life for your reckless assurances?

        What am I selling by my ‘doom and gloom’? The ‘doom and gloom’ possibilities are real, as we saw in Japan. They were lucky, it could have been much worse, giving us a chance to learn and change if we are wise. We haven’t seen the full affects of Fukushima yet. Radiation is the gift that keeps on giving; cancer, etc. Hubris gives false assurances.

        • Gregg

          That’s not what I meant, sorry for the confusion. I was talking about the meteor, don’t sweat it.

          • Lrduffsb

            Meteors have struck the earth before, may have killed off the dinosaurs. My point is that there may or may not be anything we can do about the meteor/asteroid but having so many nuclear power plants only increases whatever disaster may come about (direct hit/tsunami), or a quake bigger than planned for. It’s something we do have control over, if we are wise. If we were smart/wise we would be putting all our resources into changing over to safe renewable energy sources, and finding new ones that don’t threaten to contaminate the earth and give people cancer for thousands of years .

      • Modavations

        Gregg,go check the Week in review story.Look at the post under your name.Leave it up for all to see

  • Modavations

    Talk about a nuclear explosion,look at the “week in review story  post”from today..Yikes,I’m going down to my shelter

  • Anonymous

    Hubris knows no bounds. To think that one can stand in defiance of mother nature and suffer no consequences is the epitome of madness. Earthquakes and Tsunamis can destroy nearly anything. Perhaps the safest reactors on the planet are in US submarines: they were designed for War under the Stewardship of Admiral Rickover who was obsessed with safety and rightfully so. He made it a point to be aboard during the initial sea trial of
    almost every nuclear submarine completing its new-construction period during his career. Rickover knew that golden parachutes don’t work under water.

    Commercial reactors are not designed to survive what is possible, but only what is deemed likely and that is colored by the need for the business plan to show a good cost benefit ratio. I didn’t see any of the Tokyo Electric’s C level executive manning water hoses like those poor soles who volunteered to help prevent a greater disaster from unfolding.

    • aj

      Awesome.

  • Sailorboysix

    Can’t understand why the media misses the point so fully: the problem was not so much the danger of nuclear power, but the decision-making in the BUSINESS of nuclear power. It was the same as with the BP Gulf disaster: “How can we save money?” “What is the MINIMUM we need to do for legal compliance (rather than do what is RIGHT for the circumstances)?” Lack of transparency, politics, etc…. Same ole stuff.

  • Anonymous

    If you want a real perspective on the Fukushima catastrophe, heck out this NY Times article, dated 09/16/2002, by Howard W. French, ‘Safety Problems at Japanese Reactors Begin to Erode Public’s Faith in Nuclear Power’ http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/16/world/safety-problems-japanese-reactors-begin-erode-public-s-faith-nuclear-power.html
    For major disasters like Fukushima and the BP spill, there should be an international team of all kinds of experts ready to design and manage them; instead of our boobocracy of hand-wringers and feckless incompetents.

  • http://twitter.com/CrappyCartoons Crappy Cartoons

    I was extremely disappointed with this show. Having been a resident of Tokyo for the past twenty years and having lived through the events that followed last’s years disaster, I remain totally outraged at how things have been reported by the foreign press. The fact that the evacuation of Tokyo had been given consideration but that the discussion of this contingency had been hidden from the public was the most prudent course of action. In the immediate aftermath of the event panic buying had left Tokyo with stores that had no food, water or gasoline. The danger of panic reaction of 30 million residents with no where to go and no means of escape needed to be given the utmost consideration. Considering the large amount of death that resulted in the panic following Tokyo’s worse earthquake of the twentieth century, the danger of panic could not be ignored. 

    David Biello’s segment made it quite clear with his maximum evacuation zone for a potential disaster in the United States made that is was highly unlikely that Tokyo was ever anywhere near the point when evacuation was necessary. Nevertheless, the foreign press has never been able to stop with its fascination over that story.

    The reality is that the foreign press and its flaming the flames of panic during that time posed a greater danger to the residents of Tokyo than the radiation which was leaking out of the distant crippled nuclear power plant. I do hope that at some point some serious journalist will point the finger of blame in the right direction and expose the foreign press for its shameful acts.

  • Cnthweehler

    I’m tired of hearing the public has to be protected from the truth.  Don’t ever tell us that it is prudent to withhold the truth from humans, who have the right to know when they are in danger.  We don’t need to be patronized. 

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  • http://twitter.com/Kozen_Sato 佐藤鴻全(佐藤総研 主宰)

    Send 100 persons to jail! -The preconditions of restarting Japanese nuclear power plants and The nationalization of them-
    Japanese opinion is divided on whether restarting nuclear power plants.
    The matter is whether we restart nuclear power plants which were recognized safety for the moment, apart from whether we seek non nuclear power in the future.

    ◆ Effort for power supply
    As precondition, power companies should seek to minimize price up and to stabilize power supply by diversification of LNG and oil procurement routes with cost down.
    And as long term stance, the Government should divide power companies into generators and distributers for competition principle and introduce DC high voltage power transmission method, East-West unity of frequency and New energy.
    Despite these efforts, if decisive power shortage is expected and restarting nuclear power plants is required, we should seek how we keep safety for it.

    ◆ Condition for safety of nuclear power plants
    Most of Japanese will feel anxiety about restarting with only ongoing stress tests.
    First of all, ordinary people can’t understand enough the details of the stress tests.
    The stress tests are drills on papers, and emergency drills are real ones.
    There are many primary mistakes in the Fukushima accident, for example, shortage of cable and different plug shapes.
    Power companies should repeat real drills on various assumptions.
    And first of all, a complete change of NUCLEAR VILLAGE bad chemistry is essencial.
    Certainly, establish of NUCLEAR REGULATORY AGENCY in coming April is one advance.
    But it means merely abolishing foolish organizations system that a regulatory agency and a progress agency are under same umbrella.
    Causes of Fukushima accident are on successive responsible position persons in Government, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Nuclear Safety Commission, Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, Tokyo Electric Power Company.
    Without accusing and making over 100 persons of them take responsibility on criminal and civil affairs, NUCLEAR VILLAGE chemistry will not change.
    If anyone don’t take responsibility because of ambiguous organizations system and the sophistry of “unexpected”, recurrence accident will not be evitable.
    In addition to above, there is a struggle among METI and TEPCO.
    It is absurd.
    Power supply should be done by conpetition system of private companies.
    And emergency operations of Nuclear power plants is over abilities of power companies, therefore all nuclear plans of all power companies should be nationalized and should be done under Japan Self-Defense Forces command in some case as security systems.
    Safety of Nuclear power generation should be secured by the rule of punish evildoing and battlefield tensions.
    I hope realistic argues with a orthodox theory are done. http://blog.livedoor.jp/ksato123/archives/53569856.html

  • http://deregulatetheatom.com/ Rick Maltese

    There was so much over-reaction to the Fukushima events. The truth is and always was that the danger was always small and localized. How the people get selected to represent the truth is a mystery. Is it as simple as we trust people in business suits?

  • http://thoriummsr.com/ Rick Maltese

    To get an accurate account of what has happened at Fukushima go to 
    http://www.hiroshimasyndrome.com/fukushima-accident-updates.html

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Apr 15, 2014
A crowd gathers at the finish line of the Boston Marathon in Boston for a Sports Illustrated photo shoot before the one-year anniversary of the Boston Marathon bombings, Saturday, April 12, 2014. (AP)

One year after the Boston Marathon bombing, we look at national and local security on the terrorism front now, and what we’ve learned.

On Point Blog
On Point Blog
How Boston Is Getting Ready For the 2014 Boston Marathon
Tuesday, Apr 15, 2014

Boston Globe metro reporter Maria Cramer explains how the 2014 Boston Marathon will be different than races in the past.

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WBUR’s David Boeri: ‘There’s Still Much We Don’t Know’
Tuesday, Apr 15, 2014

WBUR’s senior reporter David Boeri details the ongoing investigation into the alleged Boston Marathon Bombing perpetrators.

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Remembering The Boston Marathon Bombing, One Year Later
Tuesday, Apr 15, 2014

One year after the Boston Marathon Bombing, we look back at our own coverage of the attacks and the community’s response from April 2013.

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